Skills Lab


The goal of the clinical skills work is to produce a secure learning expertise that promotes made understanding all told aspects of health care.

The CSL school and administration square measure here to form the coed’s clinical expertise instructional and enlightening and to serve within the best interest of the student. Simulations and case situations square measure designed to assist the coed develop problem-solving and decision- creating skills. The CSL can arrange to embody all environmental factors to form the students’ learning expertise realistic and authentic. For increased learning, all students square measure expected to return to the work ready. the school can give students with regeneration and report of their performance, whereas students can self-analyze their performance and use important thinking throughout the reflection method

The following pointers maintain safety whereas victimization the CSL. it’s expected that each one concerned in school rooms, clinical skills and simulation activities can adhere to those pointers. The Simulation arranger can update the contents of this manual pro re data. All students, employees and college are going to be suggested of those revisions.

The CSL is found within the school building. The CSL simulates a hospital setting that’s absolutely equipped to observe all clinical skills. the middle has 3 hi-fi Mannequins; besides that we’ve a spread of various simulators. The list is connected.


The CSL schedule are going to be denote by the school. you’ll read the centers schedule on the NCN web site. Students needing further observe within the Sim work, could sign on for “open lab” dates and times counseled by the teacher. Any student desire to makeup days within the CSL Center should give notice their pedagogue 1st, World Health Organization can then contact the work arranger. The Sim Center isn’t meant to be used as a replacement for any clinical rotation.

1 Adult BLS Mannequin Basic 3
2 Adult BLS Mannequin Advance 1
3 Infant BLS CPR Mannequin Basic 1
4 Infant BLS CPR Mannequin Advance 1
5 Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Trainer 2
6 Adult ACLS Mannequin 1
7 Cardiac Pulmonary Simulator (Harvey) 1
1 Intra Muscular injection Simulator 2
2 IV Arm Simulator 3
3 Catheterization Male and Female 2
1 Central venous cannulation 3
2 Tracheostomy 1
3 NG Intubation 1
4 Casualty simulation kit 1
5 Epidural and Spinal injection Trainer 1
6 Adult abdominal Examination trainer 2
1 Suturing & Stapling practice 2
2 Bandaging Simulator 2
3 Suture Practice Arm 1
4 Prostate Examination Trainer 1
5 Rectal Examination Trainer 1
6 Enema Administration 1
7 Breast Examination simulator 2
1 Gynae Examination trainer 1
1 Ear Examination Simulator 1
1 Eye Examination simulator 2

Computer Skill Lab

How area unit Computers employed in the Nursing Profession?

Nurses work closely with doctors and alternative medical professionals to manage and implement care plans for patients. In today’s medical facilities, nurses should have a decent grasp of however computers area unit employed in the nursing profession. In most instances, medical employees now not ought to decrypt doctor’s orders and patient wants that were written on a side medical chart. Electronic health records facilitate doctors and nurses communicate additional with efficiency by eliminating most misinterpretations of written and verbal orders. exploitation computers, smartphones and tablets, nurses will produce and manage electronic health records and update them, as needed


Electronic health records build it easier for medical professionals to record, retrieve and manage patient knowledge for correct diagnosesNurses usually perform routine health assessments like vital sign, O levels and even EKGs. Recording the results of those assessments is a lot of correct once nurses have the technological skills that modify them to save lots of the readings electronically and to store them during a patient’s electronic health record. Once captured and recorded, the records are offered like a shot for the complete patient care team, reducing the necessity for physicians to create visits to the patient’s area to retrieve diagnostic knowledge. Today’s technology additionally permits nurses to access essential nursing tools and key medical references on-line, reducing identification time and errors. engineering additionally permits nurses to make records that doctors use to update patient treatment orders a lot of with efficiency, once the patient’s condition needs it.

Treatment and Medications

Nurses currently use electronic health records to record and review prescribed medications. They additionally use computer code programs and apps to manage patient medications. These programs and apps facilitate nurses not solely avoid medication errors, they additionally forestall uncaused drug interactions. Once a medical facility assigns AN number to a patient, nurses will retrieve the patient’s health record and verify medication orders before they administer any prescriptions. They additionally document the care that was provided and build recommendations concerning patient treatments. computer code and device apps additionally facilitate nurses update patient records, victimisation diagnostic and treatment codes, rather than paper charts and whiteboards. pc security technology additionally helps nurses keep patient records personal.

Science Lab

It is vital for our school to have the latest and high quality science lab supplies. Science is different from any other subject. In order to understand its concepts, students has to look beyond the books and conventional classroom teaching. Effective teaching and learning of science involves seeing, handling, and manipulating real objects and materials. We believe that the knowledge that our students attain in classrooms would be ineffectual unless they actually observe the process and understand the relationship between action and reaction.
We in our science lab combine classroom teaching with laboratory experiments to ensure that the students grasp each and every concept thoroughly. The experiments that our student conduct help encourage deep understanding of science. Our students are able to retain the knowledge for longer when they see the experiments being performed in front of their eyes. This has a positive outcome in helping our students to decide their futures goals in modern days of science and technology.
In order to implement our objective, our science lab is fully equipped with advanced instruments and supplies. The students interact directly with these instruments under high quality supervision and safe working environment to gather the data. They get a first-hand learning experience by performing various experiments on their own. In addition to advance instruments we provide our students with models, such as anatomy models, physics science kits, chemistry kits to make it easy to understand complex theories of science.
By virtue of equipping our science lab with latest materials and supplies we are making our students prepared for the scientific advances yet to come. Our students develop interest in scientific research in science lab. Students are encourage to design their own projects, hypothesis, testing methodologies and scientific reports. This increases our student’s reasoning skill and they start to think deeply on theories and concepts, thus we are committed to bring up next generation of engineers, doctors and scientists. Our high school students from Year 7 to Year 12 are regularly attending the laboratory sessions.

Here is a brief overview of our science lab supplies and equipment’s to make science interesting and effective for students and to encourage them to make significant contributions in the field of physics, biology, chemistry, and other streams of science later in life.

  • Chemical storage room: The facility has a large capacity to store laboratory reagents under safer environment. All supplies are regularly updated to meet the requirements of scientific activities throughout the entire year.

  • Chemistry, Biology and physical science models and charts are available to staff and students.

  • Standard Operating procedures, laboratory manuals, safety manuals are maintained and updated and are available to the staff and students.

  • Regular risk assessments is done on our laboratory procedures, ensuring safe working environment.

  • The science lab is fully equipped with safety equipment’s such a fume cupboards, emergency shower, first aid, fire blankets and extinguishers.

  • Staff and students has access to advance level computer and multimedia helping to achieve learning objective using modern technologies.

  • The lab has a full capacity to accommodate large number of students. Maximum supply of materials and instruments are made available to the students ensuring each student perform their individual experiments.

  • The students are always under the supervision of their qualified science teachers and lab assistant.

  • Based on our student’s interest in physical and biological sciences, advance level instruments are purchased for our secondary students. Some of them are high tech microscopes, analytical balances, electrostatic generators, spectroscopic instruments, distillation apparatus and dissection apparatus.

  • We are regularly looking into the opportunities to collaborate with advance research centres and industry to help our student to gain practical experience through work placements and workshops.

Skill Lab

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves.

Digital Library

Concepts of Digitization and Digital Library

As defined by Reitz (2008), digitization is “the process of converting data to digital format for processing by a computer. In information systems, digitization usually refers to the conversion of printed text or images (photographs, illustrations, maps, etc.) into binary signals using some kind of scanning device that enables the result to be displayed on a computer screen.” She also defines digital library as the “library in which a significant proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format (as opposed to print or micro-form), accessible by means of computers”.Digital Library1

The digital libraries store, organize and disseminate digital contents. These contents are created either through digitization of existing printed materials and media documents, or through re-keying/re-composing of existing printed materials and media documents, or through creating new documents in digital formats. The first kind of documents is known as digitized documents, and the later kind of documents is known as born digital documents. In Indian digital libraries both kinds of documents are available. The digitized documents are stored either in image formats or in text formats. If the original documents are available in European languages such as English, French, German and Spanish, the optical character recognition (OCR) software can automatically convert them into searchable digital text format, where qualitative OCR conversion rate is much higher. On the other hand, if the original documents are available in Indian languages such as Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali, Oriya, Telugu and Tamil, the contents are made available either in image formats or re-keying the texts for the inclusion in the digital libraries. OCR software for Indian languages is still in the developmental or testing stage, where OCR conversion rate is much lower than acceptable rate. The full-text searching is possible in textual documents but this facility is absent in image documents.

Documents and Collections in Digital Library Systems.

Digital library is the concept of information stored digitally and made accessible to users through digital systems and networks, but having no single location. It is, therefore, analogous to a library as a storehouse of information, but has a virtual existence in the digital spaces. Digital library is essentially a fully automated information system with all resources in digital form. Many views of digital libraries stem from what libraries currently do. Traditional libraries collect, organize, provide access to, and preserve objects in their collections. A library collection may include books, magazines, journals, theses, dissertations, manuscripts, audio-visuals, maps, etc. The flexibility of digital technology allows it to handle new kinds of object efficiently. Digital library collections can include things without direct physical analogs, such as algorithms or real time data feeds. They also may include digitized representations of what have traditionally appeared largely in museums and archives. With the rise of cost of paper publications and library storage, increasing use of computers, decreasing budgets, many libraries have to reduce their acquisition of books as well as their journal subscriptions. Documents in electronic form can become more easily available and widely used because the cost of digital storage and processing is going down.

Documents are the heart of digital libraries. Without documents there would be no digital libraries. In digital libraries, documents are not only what are stored in traditional libraries (e.g., books, journals, pictures and videos), but also include many works uncommon to those libraries, e.g., multilingual, multimedia, and structured documents (e.g., books broken into chapters, sections, subsections, figures with attached captions, colour graphics or images, attached or linked sound or video files, appendices, indexes, and ‘front matter’); programs, algorithms, bulletin board archives, besides others. A document can have various representations depending on its intended use; for example, some applications require high-resolution images of documents with invisible watermarks for security purposes as well as low-resolution images for children to download from the Internet. Collections of digital library ranges from small, self-contained, and narrowly defined collections to ones spread across physical and logical spaces. One of the common requirements for a digital library is the ability to deal with distributed collections of information.

Evaluation of Digitization Work and Digital Library System.

A digital library may be evaluated from a number of perspectives, such as collaboration pattern, system, access and usability, user interfaces, information retrieval, content and domain, services, cost and overall benefits and impact. An important issue under discussion across various communities is the set of metrics to be used for evaluating digital libraries. Selection of digital library metrics should be considered from both system-oriented and user-oriented viewpoints. From the system’s perspective, we consider capacity (number of digital objects stored and number of users served simultaneously), content, transaction speed (speed of search response). From the user’s perspective, we consider impacts of the system on the user (e.g., impact on patterns of association and attitudes about the digital libraries), effectiveness (relevance of the results; ability to produce a ranked list of results that are mostly relevant with best matches at the top), usability (e.g., ease of use, suitability to purpose, user’s effort), interactions with the system, and user satisfaction.

In a general way, the constructs or elements for evaluation of digitization projects covered in this study are:

  • Collaboration pattern for collection building;
  • Collaboration pattern for resources mobilization and utilization;
  • Selection of contents for digitization;
  • Digitization workflow;
  • Interpretation, representation and metadata;
  • Access and distribution — open access versus campus-wide (closed) access;
  • User interfaces — search and retrieval; and
  • Integration, cooperation with other resources and libraries.



library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, selected by experts and made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing, often in a quiet environment conducive to study. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical location or a virtual space, or both. A library’s collection can include booksperiodicalsnewspapersmanuscriptsfilmsmapsprintsdocumentsmicroformCDscassettesvideotapesDVDsBlu-ray Discse-booksaudiobooksdatabases, and other formats. Libraries range widely in size up to millions of items. In Latin and Greek, the idea of a bookcase is represented by Bibliotheca and Bibliothēkē (Greek: βιβλιοθήκη): derivatives of these mean library in many modern languages, e.g. French bibliothèque.

The first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing—the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC. Private or personal libraries made up of written books appeared in classical Greece in the 5th century BC. In the 6th century, at the very close of the Classical period, the great libraries of the Mediterranean world remained those of Constantinople and Alexandria. The libraries of Timbuktu were also established around this time and attracted scholars from all over the world.

A library is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, a corporation, or a private individual. Public and institutional collections and services may be intended for use by people who choose not to—or cannot afford to—purchase an extensive collection themselves, who need material no individual can reasonably be expected to have, or who require professional assistance with their research. In addition to providing materials, libraries also provide the services of librarians who are experts at finding and organizing information and at interpreting information needs. Libraries often provide quiet areas for studying, and they also often offer common areas to facilitate group study and collaboration. Libraries often provide public facilities for access to their electronic resources and the Internet.

Modern libraries are increasingly being redefined as places to get unrestricted access to information in many formats and from many sources. They are extending services beyond the physical walls of a building, by providing material accessible by electronic means, and by providing the assistance of librarians in navigating and analyzing very large amounts of information with a variety of digital resources. Libraries are increasingly becoming community hubs where programs are delivered and people engage in lifelong learning.


The history of libraries began with the first efforts to organize collections of documents. Topics of interest include accessibility of the collection, acquisition of materials, arrangement and finding tools, the book trade, the influence of the physical properties of the different writing materials, language distribution, role in education, rates of literacy, budgets, staffing, libraries for specially targeted audiences, architectural merit, patterns of usage, and the role of libraries in a nation’s cultural heritage, and the role of government, church or private sponsorship. Since the 1960s, issues of computerization and digitization have arisen.


Poet Laureate Rita Dove‘s definition of a library at entrance to the Maine State Library in AugustaMaine, United States

Many institutions make a distinction between a circulating or lending library, where materials are expected and intended to be loaned to patrons, institutions, or other libraries, and a reference library where material is not lent out. Travelling libraries, such as the early horseback libraries of eastern Kentucky[1] and bookmobiles, are generally of the lending type. Modern libraries are often a mixture of both, containing a general collection for circulation, and a reference collection which is restricted to the library premises. Also, increasingly, digital collections enable broader access to material that may not circulate in print, and enables libraries to expand their collections even without building a larger facility. Lamba (2019) reinforced this idea by observing that “today’s libraries have become increasingly multi-disciplinary, collaborative and networked” and that applying Web 2.0 tools to libraries would “not only connect the users with their community and enhance communication but will also help the librarians to promote their library’s activities, services, and products to target both their actual and potential users”.[2]

Academic libraries

The round reading room of Maughan Library, the main university library of King’s College London, London, England

Academic libraries are generally located on college and university campuses and primarily serve the students and faculty of that and other academic institutions. Some academic libraries, especially those at public institutions, are accessible to members of the general public in whole or in part.

The University Library in Budapest, Hungary

Academic libraries are libraries that are hosted in post-secondary educational institutions, such as colleges and universities. Their main function are to provide support in research and resource linkage for students and faculty of the educational institution. Specific course-related resources are usually provided by the library, such as copies of textbooks and article readings held on ‘reserve’ (meaning that they are loaned out only on a short-term basis, usually a matter of hours). Some academic libraries provide resources not usually associated with libraries, such as the ability to check out laptop computers, web cameras, or scientific calculators.

Academic libraries offer workshops and courses outside of formal, graded coursework, which are meant to provide students with the tools necessary to succeed in their programs.[3] These workshops may include help with citations, effective search techniques, journal databases, and electronic citation software. These workshops provide students with skills that can help them achieve success in their academic careers (and often, in their future occupations), which they may not learn inside the classroom.

The Robarts Library at the University of Toronto, Canada

The academic library provides a quiet study space for students on campus; it may also provide group study space, such as meeting rooms. In North America, Europe, and other parts of the world, academic libraries are becoming increasingly digitally oriented. The library provides a “gateway” for students and researchers to access various resources, both print/physical and digital.[4] Academic institutions are subscribing to electronic journals databases, providing research and scholarly writing software, and usually provide computer workstations or computer labs for students to access journals, library search databases and portals, institutional electronic resources, Internet access, and course- or task-related software (i.e. word processing and spreadsheet software). Some academic libraries take on new roles, for instance, acting as an electronic repository for institutional scholarly research and academic knowledge, such as the collection and curation of digital copies of students’ theses and dissertations.[5][6] Moreover, academic libraries are increasingly acting as publishers on their own on a not-for-profit basis, especially in the form of fully Open Access institutional publishers.[7]

Children’s libraries

A children’s library in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in 1943

Children’s libraries are special collections of books intended for juvenile readers and usually kept in separate rooms of general public libraries. Some children’s libraries have entire floors or wings dedicated to them in bigger libraries while smaller ones may have a separate room or area for children. They are an educational agency seeking to acquaint the young with the world’s literature and to cultivate a love for reading. Their work supplements that of the public schools.[8]

Services commonly provided by public libraries may include storytelling sessions for infants, toddlers, preschool children, or after-school programs, all with an intention of developing early literacy skills and a love of books. One of the most popular programs offered in public libraries are summer reading programs for children, families, and adults.[9]

Another popular reading program for children is PAWS TO READ or similar programs where children can read to certified therapy dogs. Since animals are a calming influence and there is no judgment, children learn confidence and a love of reading. Many states have these types of programs: parents need simply ask their librarian to see if it is available at their local library.[10]

National libraries

national or state library serves as a national repository of information, and has the right of legal deposit, which is a legal requirement that publishers in the country need to deposit a copy of each publication with the library. Unlike a public library, a national library rarely allows citizens to borrow books. Often, their collections include numerous rare, valuable, or significant works. There are wider definitions of a national library, putting less emphasis on the repository character.[11][12] The first national libraries had their origins in the royal collections of the sovereign or some other supreme body of the state.

Many national libraries cooperate within the National Libraries Section of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) to discuss their common tasks, define and promote common standards, and carry out projects helping them to fulfill their duties. The national libraries of Europe participate in The European Library which is a service of the Conference of European National Librarians (CENL).

Public lending libraries

Raczyński Library, the public library of Poznań, Poland

A public library provides services to the general public. If the library is part of a countywide library system, citizens with an active library card from around that county can use the library branches associated with the library system. A library can serve only their city, however, if they are not a member of the county public library system. Much of the materials located within a public library are available for borrowing. The library staff decides upon the number of items patrons are allowed to borrow, as well as the details of borrowing time allotted. Typically, libraries issue library cards to community members wishing to borrow books. Often visitors to a city are able to obtain a public library card.

A community library in Ethiopia

Many public libraries also serve as community organizations that provide free services and events to the public, such as reading groups and toddler story time. For many communities, the library is a source of connection to a vast world, obtainable knowledge and understanding, and entertainment. According to a study by the Pennsylvania Library Association, public library services play a major role in fighting rising illiteracy rates among youths.[13] Public libraries are protected and funded by the public they serve.

Bates Hall, the main reading room of the Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

As the number of books in libraries have steadily increased since their inception, the need for compact storage and access with adequate lighting has grown. The stack system involves keeping a library’s collection of books in a space separate from the reading room. This arrangement arose in the 19th century. Book stacks quickly evolved into a fairly standard form in which the cast iron and steel frameworks supporting the bookshelves also supported the floors, which often were built of translucent blocks to permit the passage of light (but were not transparent, for reasons of modesty). The introduction of electrical lighting had a huge impact on how the library operated. The use of glass floors was largely discontinued, though floors were still often composed of metal grating to allow air to circulate in multi-story stacks. As more space was needed, a method of moving shelves on tracks (compact shelving) was introduced to cut down on otherwise wasted aisle space.

Library 2.0, a term coined in 2005, is the library’s response to the challenge of Google and an attempt to meet the changing needs of users by using web 2.0 technology. Some of the aspects of Library 2.0 include, commenting, tagging, bookmarking, discussions, use of online social networks by libraries, plug-ins, and widgets.[14] Inspired by web 2.0, it is an attempt to make the library a more user-driven institution.

Despite the importance of public libraries, they are routinely having their budgets cut by state legislature. Funding has dwindled so badly that many public libraries have been forced to cut their hours and release employees.[15]

Reference libraries

Main Reading Room of the New York City Public Library on 5th Avenue ca, 1910–1920

A reference library does not lend books and other items; instead, they can only be read at the library itself. Typically, such libraries are used for research purposes, for example at a university. Some items at reference libraries may be historical and even unique. Many lending libraries contain a “reference section”, which holds books, such as dictionaries, which are common reference books, and are therefore not lent out.[16] Such reference sections may be referred to as “reading rooms”, which may also include newspapers and periodicals.[17] An example of a reading room is the Hazel H. Ransom Reading Room at the Harry Ransom Center of the University of Texas at Austin, which maintains the papers of literary agent Audrey Wood.[18]

Research libraries

Quaid-e-Azam Library in Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan

A research library is a collection of materials on one or more subjects.[19] A research library supports scholarly or scientific research and will generally include primary as well as secondary sources; it will maintain permanent collections and attempt to provide access to all necessary materials. A research library is most often an academic or national library, but a large special library may have a research library within its special field, and a very few of the largest public libraries also serve as research libraries. A large university library may be considered a research library; and in North America, such libraries may belong to the Association of Research Libraries.[20] In the United Kingdom, they may be members of Research Libraries UK (RLUK).[21]

A research library can be either a reference library, which does not lend its holdings, or a lending library, which does lend all or some of its holdings. Some extremely large or traditional research libraries are entirely reference in this sense, lending none of their materials; most academic research libraries, at least in the US and the UK, now lend books, but not periodicals or other materials. Many research libraries are attached to a parental organization and serve only members of that organization. Examples of research libraries include the British Library, the Bodleian Library at Oxford University and the New York Public Library Main Branch on 42nd Street in Manhattan, State Public Scientific Technological Library of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science.

Codes of conduct

Libraries may have rules which limit noise levels, the use of mobile phones, and/or the consumption of food and drink. [35]

In UK local authority libraries, this has been challenged recently as toddler ‘bounce and rhyme’ sessions have been held [36]. Noise levels in public libraries have become a matter of controversy